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Chinese Almost Counting Words 大致上算是計數詞彙

Do you know what an “almost counting word” is? Do you realize how much everyone uses them in everyday conversation? We all use such words that approximate or hint at counting, but these words are not precise or accurate.

Many almost counting words are comparative, implied or in context. Most almost counting words would need clarification if any real action needed to be taken. No one will agree to buy something for a “many” dollars, even if they expect to pay a relatively large amount. Instructions to sew a waistband “several” inches around will not be very useful.

Still, almost counting words are useful in many conversations. They are the theme of my latest Fun Learning Chinese book, A Million Rocks: A Book of Almost Counting Words. Here are some of the almost counting words in it:

 

非常多

(非)(常)(多)

(ㄈㄟ)(ㄔㄤˊ)(ㄉㄨㄛ)

(fēi)(cháng)(duō)

(not)(common)(many)

exceptionally many

 

充沛

(充)(沛)

(ㄔㄨㄥ)(ㄆㄟˋ)

(chōng)(pèi)

(fill, be full, supply)(abundant, copious)

abundant, plentiful

 

大量

(大)(量)

(ㄉㄚˋ)(ㄌㄧㄤˋ)

(dà)(liàng)

(big, great, vast, large)(measure, quantity, capacity)

great amount, large quantity, numerous, generous

 

巨大

(巨)(大)

(ㄐㄩˋ)(ㄉㄚˋ)

(jù)(dà)

(large, enormous, great, chief)(big, great, vast, large)

huge, immense, very large, tremendous, gigantic, enormous

 

一些些

一些些

(ㄧˋ)(ㄒㄧㄝ)(ㄒㄧㄝ)

(yì)(xiē)(xiē)

(one)(little, few)(repeated for emphasis)

a little, some, a few

 

長長

(長)(長)

(ㄔㄤˊ)(ㄔㄤˊ)

(cháng)(cháng)

(long, forever, always, constantly)(repeated for emphasis)

long, forever, always, constantly

 

幾乎

(幾)(乎)

(ㄐㄧ)(ㄏㄨ)

(jī)(hū)

(a few, some)(exclamatory particle)

almost, nearly, practically

 

甚多

(甚)(多)

(ㄕㄣˋ)(ㄉㄨㄛ)

(shèn)(duō)

(very, extremely, any)(many, much, more)

very many

 

差不多

(差)(不)(多)

(ㄔㄚˋ)(ㄅㄨˋ)(ㄉㄨㄛ)

(chà)(bù)(duō)

(to differ, different, nearly, almost)(not)(much, many, more than)

almost, nearly, more or less

 

豐富

(豐)(富)

(ㄈㄥ)(ㄈㄨˋ)

(fēng)(fù)

(abundant, lush, bountiful, plenty)(abundant, ample, rich, wealthy)

rich, plentiful, abundant

 

不少

(不)(少)

(ㄅㄨˋ)(ㄕㄠˇ)

(bù)(shǎo)

(not)(few, less, to lack)

many, a lot, not a few

 

Most of the time these words are used as adjectives, so will have the adjective marker 的 ㄉㄜ˙(de.) spoken or written after them (or soon after them, if there are other adjectives being used as well).

A good story always helps with remembering vocabulary, which is why this book is a story about my identical twin granddaughters visiting the beach. Here is the first couple of sentences of the book:

[(我 倆)(兒)](不)(總是)(知道)(我們)(要)(去)(那裡)

[(ㄨㄛˇ ㄌㄧㄤˇ)(ㄦ˙)](ㄅㄨˋ)(ㄗㄨㄥˇ ㄕˋ)(ㄓ ㄉㄠˋ)(ㄨㄛˇ ㄇㄣ˙)(ㄧㄠˋ)                                  (ㄑㄩˋ)(ㄋㄚˋ ㄌㄧˇ)

[(wǒ liǎng)(er.)](bù)(zǒng shì)(zhī dào)(wǒ men.)(yào)(qù)(nà lǐ)

[(we two)(Beijing “r” accent)](not)(always)(to know)(we)(will)(to go)(where).

We two don’t always know where we are going,

 

(可是)(我倆兒)(無限)(快樂)(地)(跟)(著)(走)

(ㄎㄜˇ ㄕˋ)(ㄨㄛˇ ㄌㄧㄤˇ ㄦ˙)(ㄨˊ ㄒㄧㄢˋ)(ㄎㄨㄞˋ ㄌㄜˋ)(ㄉㄜ˙)                                               (ㄍㄣ)(ㄓㄜ˙)(ㄗㄡˇ)

(kě shì)(wǒ liǎng er.)(wú xiàn)(kuài lè)(de.)(gēn)(zhe.)(zǒu)

(but)(we two)(unlimited, boundless)(happy)(-ly)(with)                                                                      (-ing for following verb)(to go, to travel)

but we are boundlessly happy to go along.

 

[(有)(一)(天)](我們)(去)(了)(一)(個)(延)(著)(華盛(頓州)(西北)(岸)(的)(岩石)(海灘)

[(ㄧㄡˇ)(ㄧˋ)(ㄊㄧㄢ)](ㄨㄛˇ ㄇㄣ˙)(ㄑㄩˋ)(ㄌㄜ˙)(ㄧˊ)(ㄍㄜ˙)(ㄧㄢˊ)(ㄓㄜ˙)                 (ㄏㄨㄚˊ  ㄕㄥˋ ㄉㄨㄣˋ)(ㄓㄡ)(ㄒㄧ)(ㄅㄟˇ)(ㄢˋ)(ㄉㄜ˙)(ㄧㄢˊ ㄕˊ)(ㄏㄞˇ ㄊㄢ)

[(yǒu)(yì)(tiān)] (wǒ men.)(qù)(le.)(yí)(ge.)(yán)(zhe.)(huá shèng dùn)(zhōu)                          (xi1 běi)(àn)(de.)(yán shí)(hǎi tān)

[(to have)(one)(day)] (we)(to go)(emphasize completion)(one)(MW)(to extend) (along, -ing)(Washington)(province, state)(west north)(beach, shore, coast) (adjective marker)(rock)(beach)

One day we went to a rocky beach along the northwest coast of Washington.

 

The book is available on kindle or as paperback. If you buy the paperback, you get the kindle version for free. If you sign up for my newsletter, you will get access to my private resource page which will soon have an audio recording of the book, as read by my Chinese tutor!

If you know someone who is learning Chinese, don’t forget to tell them about the book. My daughter showed it to her college professor who teaches her Chinese class and she thought it was very nice!